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Nonsense mutations and tRNA suppressors

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Published by Academic Press in London, New York .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Nonsense mutation -- Congresses,
  • Nonsense suppression (Genetics) -- Congresses,
  • Transfer RNA -- Congresses

Book details:

Edition Notes

Statementedited by J. E. Celis, J. D. Smith.
ContributionsCelis, J. E., Smith, J. D.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQH463.5 .N66 1979
The Physical Object
Paginationx, 349 p. :
Number of Pages349
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4752042M
ISBN 100121645509
LC Control Number78075276

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Electronic books Conference papers and proceedings Congresses: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Nonsense mutations and tRNA suppressors. London ; New York: Academic Press, (DLC) (OCoLC) Material Type: Conference publication, Document, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All. in mutant strains that synthesize suppressor tRNA capa-ble of increasing an amino acid in response to the nonsense mutation [5,6]. Nonsense suppressors have been used widely in different living systems, for example, bacteria, yeast, plant, animal and human cells. This paper intro-duces not only the utilization of nonsense suppressors in. Codon nonsense mutations are also divided into natural and artificial mutations. We discussed the interaction of codon nonsense mutations and suppressor tRNAs in vitro and in vivo. Skipping of nonsense mutation‐bearing exons can be induced by antisense oligonucleotides and leads to internally deleted proteins that retain some functionality. tRNA suppressors enable the reintroduction of a ‘sense’ amino acid and the translation of the full‐length protein by .

press cognate nonsense or missense mutations in vivo. The C to-A36 transversion mutation was isolated as an ochre and an amber suppressor, while the G36 transversion was selected as a CAG missense suppressor, tRNA G~u suppressors of an AAG mis-. Suppression of nonsense codons in S. pombe by sup3-e tRNA Ser (UGA) or sup3-i tRNA Ser (UAA) is decreased or abolished by mutations within the suppressor locus. Twenty-five suppressor-inactive sup3-e genes and thirteen mutant sup3-i genes were isolated from S. pombe genomic clone banks by colony hybridization. Informational suppression by nonsense suppressor tRNAs has classically been a powerful tool for study of the mechanism of protein synthesis, to obtain conditional mutants and to demonstrate that a. Informational suppressors Rescue nonsense mutations. In order for it to work, at least two or more copies of that tRNA gene must be present. Bypass Suppression. Ex. a different metabolic pathway can slow it's own pathway to shuttle products to the mutated pathway via a "back door".

  These were subsequently shown to be amber suppressor mutations of two Trp tRNA genes, carrying alterations in their anticodons from CCA to CTA (Wills, et al., ; Bolten et al., ). There are twelve members of the Trp tRNA family in C. elegans, but only two can be mutated to yield strong amber suppressors. The chapter is divided into four parts: (a) review of the requirements of any system to be used for the in vivo selection and study of suppressors, (b) examples of interesting suppressors of missense, nonsense, and frameshift mutations, (c) conclusions from and ramifications of some suppressor tRNA studies, and (d) discussion of some.   Makes the translation of nonsense or of missense codons in the original, normal sense possible because a mutation in the anticodon of the tRNA recognizes the complementary sequence in the codon but its specificity resides in the tRNA molecule (see . Codon nonsense mutations include amber, ochre, or opal mutations according to termination codon consisting of three types (TAG, TAA and TGA). Codon nonsense mutations are also divided into natural and artificial mutations. We discussed the interaction of codon nonsense mutations and suppressor tRNAs in vitro and in vivo. Nonsense suppressions do not only happen in prokaryotes but also in.